RRSP Home Buyers Plan

RRSP Home Buyers’ Plan

The Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP) is a program that allows you to withdraw up to $25,000 in a calendar year from your registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs) to buy or build a qualifying home for yourself or for a related person with a disability.

How can I participate in the Home Buyers’ Plan?

Do I meet the HBP eligibility conditions?

  • You must be considered a first-time home buyer.
  • You must have a written agreement to buy or build a qualifying home for yourself, for a related person with a disability, or to help a related person with a disability buy or build a qualifying home (obtaining a pre-approved mortgage does not satisfy this condition).

If you are withdrawing funds from your RRSPs to help a related person with a disability buy or build a qualifying home, it is the related person with a disability who must have entered into such an agreement.

You must intend to live in the qualifying home as your principal place of residence within one year after buying or building it. If you buy or build a qualifying home for a related person with a disability, or help a related person with a disability buy or build a qualifying home, you must intend that that person lives in the qualifying home as his or her principal place of residence.

In all cases, if you have previously participated in the HBP, you may be able to do so again if your repayable HBP balance on January 1 of the year of the withdrawal is zero and you meet all the other HBP eligibility conditions.

Am I a first-time home buyer?

Normally, you have to be a first-home buyer to withdraw funds from your RRSPs to buy or build a qualifying home.

You are considered a first-time home buyer if, in the four year period, you did not live in a home that you or your current spouse or common-law partner owned.

Even if you or your spouse or common-law partner has previously owned a home, you may still be considered a first-time home buyer.

The four-year period:

Begins on January 1 of the fourth year before the year you withdraw funds; and

Ends 31 days before the date you withdraw the funds.

For example, if you withdraw funds on March 31, 2015, the four-year period begins on January 1, 2011 and ends on February 28, 2015.

If you have a spouse or common-law partner, it is possible that only one of you is a first-time home buyer.

Can you participate in the HBP later?

If you are not considered a first-time buyer now, you may be considered a first-time home buyer later, once the four-year period has passed.

For example, if in 2009 you sold the home you lived in before, you may be able to participate in 2014. Or if you sold the home in 2010, you may be able to participate in 2015.

Am I building or buying a qualifying home?

You are considered to buy or build a qualifying home if:

  • you buy or build it, or you are considered as buying or building it, before October 1 of the year after the year of the withdrawal;
  • you buy or build it, alone or with one or more individuals;

We consider you to have built a qualifying home on the date it becomes habitable.

Is my Home Buyers’ Plan balance up to date?

(If you have never participated in the HBP this section may not apply.)

If you have previously participated in the HBP, you may be able to do so again if:

  • your HBP balance is zero on January 1 of the year during which you plan on withdrawing funds under the HBP;
  • you meet all the other HBP conditions that apply to your situation.

Your HBP balance from your last participation is zero when the total of your yearly designated HBP repayments and any amounts included in your income (because no designated HBP repayment was made as required for a given year) equals the total eligible withdrawals you made from your RRSP under your participation in the HBP.

The RRSP or PRPP contributions you make in the first 60 days of a year, and designate as HBP repayments for the previous year reduce your HBP balance for purposes of determining whether your balance is zero on January 1 of the current year. For more information about designating HBP repayments, see repaying your withdrawals.

Do I meet the RRSP withdrawal conditions?

  • You have to be a resident of Canada at the time of the withdrawal.
  • You have to receive or be considered to have received, all withdrawals in the same calendar year.
  • You cannot withdraw more than $25,000.
  • Only the person who is entitled to receive payments from the RRSP can withdraw funds from an RRSP. You can withdraw funds from more than one RRSP as long as you are the owner of each RRSP. Your RRSP issuer will not withhold tax on withdraw amounts of $25,000 or less.
  • Normally, you will not be allowed to withdraw funds from a locked-in RRSP or a group RRSP.
  • Your RRSP contributions must stay in the RRSP for at least 90 days before you can withdraw them under the HBP. If this is not the case, the contributions may not be deductible for any year.
  • Neither you nor your spouse or common-law partner or the related person with a disability that you buy or build the qualifying home for can own the qualifying home more than 30 days before the withdrawal is made.
  • You have to buy or build a qualifying home for yourself, for a related person with a disability, or to help a related person with a disability buy or build a qualifying home before October 1 of the year after the year of the withdrawal.
  • You have to complete Form T1036, Home Buyers’ Plan (HBP) Request to Withdraw Funds from an RRSP for each eligible withdrawal.
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